The Worst Teeth Staining Agents and Factors

There are things you can do to maintain your teeth white and healthy while others you cannot change. Some diseases affect dental enamel, and enamel disorders cause tooth discoloration.

Enamel Defects in Children

The causes of enamel defects vary with age. Common causes in children include celiac disease, birth injury, malabsorption, and measles. Other causes are cerebral hypoxia, local infection, Rh hemolytic disease, and vitamin D, C, and A deficiency. Premature birth is also a risk factor. Diseases such as scarlet fever and chicken pox cause enamel defects in children. The same is true for intake of tetracycline and excessive fluoride ingestion.

Other Causes of Discoloration

Medications such as doxycycline and tetracycline also cause discoloration. There are mouth washes with cetylpyridinium chloride and chlorhexidine that cause yellow teeth. Other staining agents include drugs for hypertension, antipsychotic medications, and antihistamines. The dental materials used are also a factor that plays a role. Materials that include silver sulfide, for example, cause discoloration. There are factors that you cannot control, including advanced age, disease, trauma, and genetics. Excessive fluoride comes from different sources, including supplements, toothpastes, and rinses, as well as high levels in water. Chewing tobacco and smoking also cause yellow teeth. The top teeth-staining beverages and foods are coke, tea, wine, coffee, and sweets. The bad news is that many of the foods and drinks that contain staining agents are also packed with essential vitamins and minerals, antioxidants, and other nutrients. Blueberries, for example, are great if you are on a low carb diet. They contain nutrients such as manganese, dietary fiber, vitamin K, and vitamin C. They are also low in sodium and saturated fat. Unfortunately, blueberries and blueberry juice also contain staining agents. One way to protect your teeth is to use a straw. Few people will use a straw for coffee, tea, or red wine, but it shouldn’t be a problem if you use it for iced tea, juices, soda, or coke. If you eat stain-causing foods, try to swallow promptly to avoid staining and discoloration. This is one way to limit exposure and protect your teeth. Swishing with water is also a good idea, especially if you are at work or don’t have time to brush your teeth.

If You Are on a Diet

If you are on a low carb diet -, there are plenty of foods that are good for your teeth. Foods to consume include lean meats, lettuce, cucumber, hearty greens, eggs, fish, and other foods rich in protein, healthy fats, fiber, and other nutrients. Avoid acidic beverages and foods because they cause discoloration. The same goes for carbonated drinks and foods that contain intensely pigmented molecules.

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