are used in regular and cosmetic dentistry
as part of the reconstruction of damaged, broken or misshapen teeth. They specifically refer to the insertion of manmade roots in to the gum to hold false or damaged teeth
in to place, or to support a bridge
or larger structure. The most common dental implant material is titanium, which can be fused to bone and teeth without causing any rejection or decay.
One of the main positives for dental implants is that they do not need nearby teeth to help support the new teeth and there is no need for removable dentures
. Patients cannot feel the difference between their own teeth and the falsely constructed teeth, which isnít the case with removable dentures.
Dental implant surgery is one of the longer dental related surgeries, with one implant taking as long as 2 hours. This usually results in months of surgeries if a patient requires a lot of restructuring. Due to the invasive and painful nature of the surgery (requires separating gums and digging right in to the jawbone), the procedure is usually done in hospital under an anesthetic, as opposed to in a regular dental practice. The success rate of dental implants is around 95 percent. If the procedure fails it is usually due to a lack of jaw bone, or strength in the jaw to hold the structure in to place; however this is almost always determined prior to surgery ever going ahead.
Generally implants are recommended to those that have a few missing teeth, or one or two damaged teeth, as opposed to overall mouth issues. For example if somebody lost a tooth whilst playing sports, a single dental implant is all that is needed, but it is impractical to replace every tooth with an implant. In this situation regular dentures would be advised.
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