also referred to as dental or orthodontic braces represent wire-type devices intended to align teeth. They are used to correct multiple flaws such as crooked teeth, under- and overbites, cross and open bites. Often times, the braces are employed together with other orthodontic appliances that aim to treat malocclusions. Bad bites or malocclusions may occur with small mouth cavities which cannot provide sufficient space for all teeth. Excessive number of teeth or the absence of some also affects the bite. In addition, misalignment of the jaw or the bone structure may lead to speech and chewing difficulties.
Both, children and adults may benefit from the treatment process. Today’s dental
braces employ a large variety of techniques that speed up the treatment. Computer-based programs assist the orthodontists in determining the best alignment of the teeth. Moreover, orthodontic braces are now produced from materials that minimize the level of discomfort. Some innovative treatment methods even attach magnets to the molars of the patient. The aim is to align the position of the underlying molars.
Traditional braces are produced through a combination of nickel titanium and stainless steel or from a pure form of the latter. People who are allergic to nickel may opt for the gold-plated stainless steel braces. Patients who need a moderate teeth alignment may take advantage of the new tooth-colored dental braces. These ‘invisible’ aligners are fabricated from thin and flexible materials which enhance the aesthetic appearance of the smile. However, the clear brackets are more susceptible to friction and more fragile than the conventional braces. Removable aligners are also used on patients who are in the need of slight to moderate teeth alignment. The lingual braces are placed behind the teeth. However, they may obstruct the tongue movement. Finally, smart brackets are equipped with microchips which measure the force exerted over the teeth surface. The aim is to reach the optimal application of force over the teeth, thus speeding up the treatment process.
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